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Nepal is located in the Himalayas and bordered to the north by the People's Republic of China, and to the south, east, and west by the India.
Nepal has a rich geography. The mountainous north has eight of the world's ten tallest mountains, including the highest point on Earth, Mount Everest, called ''Sagarmatha'' in Nepali. It contains more than 240 peaks over above sea level. The fertile and humid south is heavily urbanized.
By some measures, Hinduism is practised by a larger majority of people in Nepal than in any other nation. Buddhism, though a minority faith in the country, is linked historically with Nepal. Many Nepali do not distinguish between Hinduism and Buddhism and follow both religious traditions.