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Jordan s akingdom on the River Jordan in Western Asia. It borders Saudi Arabia to the east and south-east, Iraq to the north-east, Syria to the north and the West Bank and Israel to the west, sharing control of the Dead Sea. Much of Jordan is covered by the Arabian Desert. However, the north-western part of Jordan is part of the fertile crescent. The capital city is Amman.
The Muslim Arabs occupied the region from the seventh century until the creation of the Kingdom of Karak during the Crusades Kingdom of Jerusalem. The kingdom was later taken over by the Seljuk Turks, and later the entire region was governed by the Ottoman Empire until 1918 imposition of the British Mandate for Palestine which led to the 1922 creation of an autonomous region of Transjordan, later the independent state of Jordan.
Modern Jordan is predominantly urbanized. It has a "pro-Western" regime with very close relations with the United Kingdom and the United States, and became a major non-NATO ally of the United States in 1996. The Jordanian Government is one of only three members of the 22 state Arab League to have diplomacy relations with Israel, the others being the Egyptian and Palestinian governments.