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Finland is a Nordic countries situated in the Fennoscandian region of Northern Europe. It is bordered by Sweden in the west, Norway in the north and Russia in the east, while Estonia lies to its south across the Gulf of Finland.
Around 5.4 million people reside in Finland, with the majority concentrated in the southern region.
Finland was historically a part of Sweden and from 1809 on, Grand Duchy of Finland within the Russian Empire. Finnish Declaration of Independence from Russia in 1917 was followed by a Finnish Civil War, Military history of Finland during World War II, and a period of official neutrality during the Cold War.
Finland was a relative latecomer to industrialisation, remaining a largely Agriculture country until the 1950s. Thereafter, economic development was rapid, Finland built an extensive welfare state and balanced between the East and the West in global economics and politics. Finland ranks the best country in the world in the ''Newsweek'' survey based on health, economic dynamism, education, political environment and quality of life. Finland